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Iranian Kurdish Opposition Leaders Debate the Future

On 23 February 2017 the Middle East Research Institute (MERI) hosted a roundtable aimed at gathering top leaders from political parties in Iranian Kurdistan to discuss recent changes in international politics and their implications for the region. The participants included:

  • Mustafa Hijri and Mohammad Nazeef, the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan
  • Abdullah Mohtadi and Anwar Mohammadi, Komala Revolutionary Party of Iranian Kurdistan
  • Mustafa Mouloudi and Aso Hassan Zadeh, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (Iran)
  • Ibrahim Alizadeh and Rehman Najat, the Iranian Communist Party (Komala)
  • Reza Kaabi, the Iranian Komala Party of Kurdistan
  • Rebwar Hosseini, Organisation of Iranian Kurdistan Struggle

The discussions focused mainly on possible changes in US foreign policy in the wider Middle East as well as Kurdistan after the election of President Donald Trump and the formation of his new administration.  Views were exchanged about changing the balance of the regional powers in the Middle East, particularly Iran, Turkey and Saudi Arabia and the increasing role of Russia in the region, especially in Syria.  Other major changes in the Middle East, such as the war against the Islamic State (IS) in Iraq and Syria and the presidential election of the Republic of Iran, were also debated.

A variety of viewpoints were expressed with regard to the consequences of these drivers for change. The difficulty of forecasting the policy of the new administration at the present time was emphasised. Even within the US, the participants argued that the current administration is perceived to be in the making, and leadership positions in key institutions have not yet been filled, whilst there is a lack of clarity in many policy areas. The participants also discussed whether the Trump administration’s version of US interest will accord with the conflicting interests of the various US allies in the Middle East. Therefore they argued that local actors should take time to assess US policy and avoid becoming part of any conflict. They stressed that the Kurdish political parties should strive to remain impartial, become a force for peace and stability in the region and not become part of the existing rivalries among the regional and global powers.

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